For years the prevailing notion has been that Columbus discovered America. This notion has in recent years been proven to be false. It seems strange that it ever existed, people lived here before Columbus. The Native Americans did not wait for him!

Viking settlements and artifacts have been found in parts of Canada and New England. Also Chinese ship wrecks and artifacts have been found in north and south America. In fact artifacts from Ancient Egypt, Phoenicia, Rome, and Palestine have been found in America. We have found Cocaine in Egyptian mummies. Cocaine is native to the Americas. Also many other plants and animals have been found where they should not be. Many however in academia have ignored this evidence. There are two main reasons for this:
1. Many supposed discoveries have been Hoaxes
2. A prevailing notion that Columbus was the first. Anything else would be at odds with their concept of history. AKA change is bad.

Lets think about it. Was there any great changes from the ancient times to the day of Columbus? No not really. In fact many have crossed the ocean in modern times using ancient sailing boats and ancient technology. I think we often view ancient people as stupid. The truth is many ancient civilizations had a higher level of technology than Columbus. In fact maps with the America’s that appear to be made prior to Columbus have been found.

How does it change our lives? It gives us a greater appreciation for Ancient peoples. Americans are from all over. We have ancestors from every part of the globe. It seem more fitting. But The Europeans were the first people(except for the native Americans) to make lasting settlements. I am sure as time goes on we will see even more evidence of ancient voyages to the America’s.


  1. Wikipedia
  2. Maxwell Institute
  3. Evidence
  4. Live Science

Gunner Tompson


What do the French Revolution, the decline of the Vikings, The Renaissance, The Black Death, and the fall of the Spanish Empire all have in common? They were all products of The little Ice Age. A 500 year period of history in which the climate cooled greatly as is shown in the graft to the side.

This effected agriculture and the order of society around the globe. The cold changed the crops in Europe. People could no longer grow grapes in Germany and England like they did before. The potato became popular in Europe because it grew under ground and could handle cold better. As agriculture suffered traders and merchants sought foreign land. This launched the age of discovery.

Napoleon was defeated by this Little Ice Age. his massive army of 500,000 starved and froze to death in Russia during one of the worst winters ever. The American revolution survived due to the effects of the little ice age. The Spanish Armada was destroyed by horrible September weather.

To sum it the popularity of beer and potatoes are a result of this change. As is the Protestant Reformation and the age of exploration and Renaissance। Our lives today are greatly effected because of the effect of The Little Ice Age on the people of the time.


  1. Wikipedia
  2. Geo-science research
  3. National Geographic
  4. BBC

The Little Ice Age 1

The Little Ice Age 2

The Little Ice Age 3

The Little Ice Age 4